One of the greatest dangers of heat waves is that people are not aware of the danger they entail and tend to underestimate their consequences or to think that it can affect others but never oneself. That is why in the face of an extreme heat alert it is essential to follow a series of recommendations in which taking care of oneself and those around us are key.
Exposure to extreme heat can cause dehydration, dizziness, exhaustion, heat stroke, loss of consciousness and even death. That is why it is essential to know how to identify the symptoms that indicate that we have suffered a heat stroke, to take care of ourselves through preventive measures and to take care of those people in our family or personal environment who may be more vulnerable to the effects of high temperatures.
We propose a series of basic tips to face a heat wave.
It is essential to reduce normal levels of physical activity during a heat wave. We must be aware of the risks of combining sport with heat stroke.
Vulnerable people should stay in cool environments during an episode of extreme heat.
Avoid going out during the middle of the day. Move your daily routine to the early hours of the daya.
If you must be exposed, avoid areas with direct sunlight and look for shady, tree-lined streets.
Increasing fluid intake during a heat wave is beneficial. Drink frequently, without waiting until you feel thirsty, to reduce the risk of heat shock.
Wear light-colored clothing made of materials such as fine cotton or linen to prevent heat from concentrating in clothing.
Avoid large meals. Opt for a varied diet in which fresh, light foods with a high content of water, vitamins and carbohydrates occupy a special weight.
Reduce the intake of drinks with a high sugar, caffeine and alcohol content. These beverages tend to dehydrate and generate an energy drain, which is aggravated during a heat wave.
Keep your home cool. Draw the blinds during the day and try to ventilate rooms at night.
If you are going on a trip, use sun protection, carry fluids for hydration and protect your eyes with appropriate sunglasses.